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The Science of Magic
There's a Method in the Madness

by Timothy Doyle

#59, 2 January 2006

Arthur C. Clarke once observed, "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" (Profiles of the Future, Harper & Row, 1973; this third "law" was added to an original two published in the earlier 1962 edition). Consider an all-knowing demon bound by a spell into an amulet or a communicator that provides an instantaneous link to the Encyclopedia Galactica answer desk. Both describe things that you can wear on a chain around your neck that can answer any question you ask. The border between SF and Fantasy is indistinct at best - for example, Stephen King's The Stand has very strong fantasy/mystical elements embedded in a purely SF post-holocaust plot.

This distinction is even more blurred in children's SF, where the science in science fiction is never allowed to get in the way of the plot. Consider Oliver Butterworth's The Enormous Egg (Boston: Little, Brown; 1956 hardback, $10 in good ex-lib with DJ): a common chicken lays the titular egg, which then hatches into a baby triceratops - accompanied by only a small amount of hand waving concerning the theoretical relationship between dinosaurs and birds. Or Eleanor Cameron's popular Mushroom Planet series that begins with The Wonderful Flight to the Mushroom Planet (Boston: Little, Brown; 1954 hardback, $20 for later printing good ex-lib with DJ, $50+ for non-ex-lib later printing with DJ, $100+ for first printing in DJ - a very good signed later printing non-ex-lib sold on eBay recently for $75): two young boys build a rocket ship in response to a mysterious classified ad, and with a little magical technology from Mr. Bass, Chuck and David (and their chicken, Mrs. Pennyfeather - maybe I should do a theme article on chickens in SF?) are soon on their way to the invisible planet of Basidium. By the fifth book, Time and Mr. Bass (Boston: Little, Brown; 1967 hardback) the story line has veered decidedly towards fantasy and mythology.

It is worth repeating Guusje Moore's observation about ex-library books in her recent BookThink article on Children's Books at FOL Sales

"... with [children's] books published in the 1940s, 1950s and early 1960s, ex-library is often all there is to be found."

The complete article is here.

Also, for a BookThink discussion of recent children's SF and fantasy literature, see "Collecting and Selling Children's and Young Adult's Modern Science Fiction and Fantasy."

But if advanced technology can seem magical, what about the reverse? A corollary to Clarke's Third Law could read, "Any sufficiently advanced magic is indistinguishable from technology." In the remainder of this article, I will examine titles in which the rigorous development of an internally consistent body of governing rules elevates magic to a state akin to science.

Perhaps the finest example of scientific magic is found in Randall Garrett's Lord Darcy series. Set in an alternate universe, Richard the Lion-Hearted survives the crossbow wound he received during the siege of Chalus in 1199 and lives to rule a combined English-French Plantagenet empire one in which the systematic development of magic science flourished. Chief Criminal Investigator Lord Darcy, along with his forensic sorcerer Sean O'Lochlainn cf. Holmes and Watson are called upon to solve a multitude of mysteries, using logic and the latest in practical magic technology.

Too Many Magicians (Garden City: Doubleday & Company, 1967, HB) $125+

Murder and Magic (New York: Ace, 1979, PB) <$5

Lord Darcy Investigates (New York: Ace, 1981, PB) <$5

Also, two SFBC HB omnibus editions (1983 and 1999) and a TPB edition by Baen Books in 2002. $5 to $10

After Garrett's death in 1987, Michael Kurland wrote two additional Lord Darcy adventures:

Ten Little Wizards (New York: Ace, 1988, PB) $5 to $10

A Study in Sorcery (New York: Ace, 1989, PB) about $20

Jim Butcher, The Dresden Files series. From the author's website: "The Dresden Files are set in a 'alternate' Chicago where magic is real, but only a few actually believe in it; it's a first-person tale told by an irascible wizard named Harry Dresden, who regularly gives the magical establishment indigestion - and the police, the same. Take Sam Spade, your Average Joe Underdog Action Star, and toss in some spell craft, and you get Harry Blackstone Copperfield Dresden. Heck of a guy."

The SciFi Channel has announced an upcoming series based on the Dresden novels, which could boost the popularity of the series. Individual paperback titles in F (fine) condition seem to sell pretty readily at $2 to $4, but a better bet is lots of 5 to 7 PBs, which can bring in $30+. Later titles starting with Dead Beat were first published in hardback. Look for the SFBC omnibus edition of Wizard For Hire, which collects books 1 to 3 ($20). The future may see re-issues of the earlier titles in trade hardback.

Storm Front

Fool Moon

Grave Peril

Summer Knight

Death Masks

Blood Rites

Dead Beat

Proven Guilty

Juvenile Fantasy. Several recent juvenile titles have taken the traditional fantasy format and recast it in a much more rigorous, SF-like format. This may reflect a growing trend of sophisticated juvenile readers who are fascinated by the elements of fantasy but also have an insatiable appetite for knowing the details of how things work. This trend may very well be a direct product of the popularity of fantasy role playing games (RPGs) like Dungeons and Dragons, as well as a host of very complex, rule-heavy computer fantasy games. Under this heading, see the following recent authors and titles:

Jonathan Stroud

    The Bartimaeus Trilogy

    The Amulet of Samarkand

    The Golem's Eye

    Ptolemy's Gate

Eoin Colfer

    Artemis Fowl

    The Arctic Incident

    The Eternity Code

    The Opal Deception

For an adult counterpart to these SF-like fantasy novels, take a look at Susanna Clarke's Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell (London: Bloomsbury, 2004; ISBN: 0747570558 HB, $15 to $25).

Set in England during the Napoleonic wars, this is an intricately detailed story of the renaissance of true English magic in the person of Mr. Norrell, a fussy little bookworm of a man who jealously guards his secrets. He doesn't want to be the most powerful English magician; he wants to be the only English magician. This title was first released in the UK, in a black or a white dust jacket (there is no precedence that I know of). The UK bookseller Waterstones sold an exclusive slipcased signed edition limited to 1450 copies, with asking prices at $500+.

Orson Scott Card's The Tales of Alvin Maker. This series of novels (plus a few short stories and novellas) is set in an alternate America in the early 1800s. In Alvin's world, North America is divided up into several political entities (a much smaller United States, the British colony of New England, the Indian nations, etc.), and magic (based on our world's traditional folklore and superstition) is a very real part of everyday life. Alvin is the seventh son of a seventh son and has the power to change things simply by the force of his will. A central conflict in the stories is one of good and evil - specifically, between Makers and Destroyers. Numerous real historical figures appear in the Alvin Maker stories, often radically changed in their alternate incarnations. While Alvin is clearly a Joseph Smith figure (Card is a practicing Mormon) and religious themes abound, the stories are quite accessible to all.

Seventh Son (New York: Tor, 1987; HB) $15 to $30

Red Prophet (New York: Tor, 1988; HB) $10

Prentice Alvin (New York: Tor, 1989; HB) $10

Alvin Journeyman (New York: Tor, 1995; HB) <$5

Heartfire (New York: Tor, 1998; HB) <$5

The Crystal City (New York: Tor, 2003; HB) <$5

As usual, complete lots of these titles or of the SFBC omnibus editions can do well on eBay. Orson Scott Card used to tour quite frequently and was a very accommodating signer, but time demands have forced him to cut back quite a bit. Signed editions are quite common on the market.

Speaking of time constraints, there are numerous titles that could have been included in this article. I have listed a good representative sample below.

Fritz Leiber

    Conjure Wife

Lyndon Hardy (The Arcadia Sequence)

    Master of the Five Magics

    Secret of the Sixth Magic

    Riddle of the Seven Realms

Katherine Kurtz (Deryni Chronicles). Numerous titles.

Ursula K LeGuin (The Earthsea Chronicles)

    A Wizard of Earthsea

    The Tombs of Atuan

    The Farthest Shore

    Tehanu

    Tales from Earthsea

    The Other Wind

Larry Niven

    The Magic Goes Away

    The Magic May Return

    More Magic

Christopher Stasheff (The Warlock Series), beginning with The Warlock In Spite of Himself.

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